It is often difficult for parents to understand the difference between homeschooling and family education. Therefore, today we offer to find out what cardinal differences exist between these formats of education.
Recently, there has been an increase in parents’ distrust of traditional educational institutions. To a large extent, this is due to experiences that concern not only the quality of the education provided, but also the attitude of teachers to the child. In some cases, for one reason or another, parents cannot send their children to school.
However, regardless of the child’s state of health, the religious beliefs of the parents, or the material possibilities of the family, nothing negates the right of the little man to receive an education. And then adults face a serious question: how to grow an educated person without visiting educational institutions?
The current law on education allows parents to choose between alternative forms of education. Among them, among others, include family education and home schooling, which in recent years have become very popular.
Note that parents who decide not to lead the child on the first call, it is often difficult to figure out what the difference is between these two forms of education. And sometimes these concepts are falsely mistaken for synonymous. Therefore, today we propose to find out what cardinal differences exist between these formats of education.
FEATURES OF HOME EDUCATION: SCHOOL AT HOME
Homeschooling is a form of education that assumes that the teachers of the school for which the child is assigned will attend the schoolchild at home, or the child will attend the school on an individual schedule.
We emphasize that this form of education is not available to everyone. It is used mainly for students who have serious health problems (or other good reasons for which the child cannot attend school). The reason for transferring a child to home schooling is documents confirming the impossibility of visiting an educational organization.
Homeschooling or individual tuition has common features with both full-time and family education. A child is enrolled in a certain class, receives school textbooks, does homework and takes tests in the same period as other schoolchildren. That is, in fact, the schoolchild lives according to the usual school timetable, with one exception – he does not go to school. Certain teachers are assigned to the child, who, in the allotted time, come to the student home according to an agreed schedule, and conduct individual classes with the ward, explaining new topics in compliance with the established school curriculum.
Another distinctive feature of home schooling is the absence of the need to complete the program in non-essential subjects. That is, if the curriculum devotes a certain number of hours to the exact and humanitarian sciences (physics, chemistry, mathematics, languages and literature, biology, etc.), then the student must pass them completely. But to study secondary subjects, such as music, physical culture, drawing, etc., he does not need. Parents or children can also choose the desired format of education: a child attends school at a set time or a teacher visits a child at home.
Homeschooling is well suited for schoolchildren whose physical or psychological condition does not allow them to withstand the full load in school. Due to the exclusion of additional items they have the opportunity to devote more time to rest and study basic subjects.
In addition, parents can be absolutely sure that their child is engaged with a qualified teacher who knows his subject and knows how to convey this knowledge to the child. Individual training also significantly improves training, since in this case the teacher is alone with the child, and he does not need to pay attention to another 30 schoolchildren. And this means that they will be able to study more material in one lesson and, if necessary, dwell on complex topics.
In other words, home schooling is the same school responsibility for the child’s education and the same level of training as in full-time education, but in a more simplified form.
LEARNING WITH A CHILD: WHAT IS FAMILY EDUCATION SUBJECT TO?
Family education is a form of education in which all responsibility for the level of education of a child lies with his parents.
Until recently, few people knew about this form of education, which, by the way, is available to everyone. Today, many parents prefer it is an independent education of children. Most often this is due to the unwillingness of parents to expose a child to negative emotions that often occur during the breaks between lessons, or the inability to attend classes, for example, due to the specifics of the parents’ work (for example, children of actors or athletes who can move from one city to another).
To start learning, parents conclude an agreement with a certain school, take textbooks from the school library or buy it on their own and teach children themselves. In this case, they should have enough free time to teach the child themselves, or the opportunity to allocate funds for classes with a tutor. In this form of education, the school does not show interest in the educational process, but once a year the child must pass certification in all subjects. It is worth noting that, unlike home schooling, annual tests and knowledge tests are carried out in absolutely all school subjects, and not just in core subjects.
Despite the fact that school teachers do not have close contact with a child, and some even get to know him only during supervisory attestations, parents can turn to teachers for advice, ask for examples of work and be interested in topics and issues that need to be studied. If they decide to buy textbooks on their own, be sure to ask what textbooks they use in school, clarify the authors and the names of the books.
A good helper for the organization of classes are various Internet resources. As this trend began to receive wide distribution, the number of sites on which you can watch the curriculum increased, choose the tasks appropriate to the topic, watch a video with the child, in which teachers tell a new topic. Also now, various family education centers are opening up everywhere, where parents can bring the child several times a week, and in small groups of up to 10 people will explain the curriculum to him.
Thus, children in family education can take the whole course laid out by the school curriculum at a time convenient for them, and not according to an established schedule. They can study one subject for a month and learn the whole program for a year, and then go on to study another subject. There is an opportunity to delve more into the study of the discipline to which the child shows the greatest interest, or to dwell on complex topics. Many parents also practice visual study of the material, and not just textbooks. For example, if there is an opportunity, you can take a child to a museum, a planetarium, a botanical garden, go to nature and study insects and plants there, etc.
SO WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE?
The main difference between home schooling and family education is more pronounced in the level of responsibility. That is, who should be responsible for the successes and failures of the child in mastering new knowledge. They also have differences in the schedule of classes and inability to apply home schooling to all children.
With regard to the quality of training, then say that home schooling or family education is better / worse than schooling is impossible. It happens that the students themselves do not lag behind the full-time form, or even succeed more, and it happens that the parents do not have enough knowledge to teach the children, and they cannot fully study the program. The same is true of home schooling: not all teachers show an interest in teaching a child, and some, on the contrary, have time to go with him more material than in a regular lesson. Therefore, the choice of the form of education depends entirely on the conditions and needs that arise.
It must be remembered that these two forms of education deprive children of communication with their peers, therefore for full socialization it is necessary to organize their leisure time so that they spend as much time as possible with the children of their age and communicate with them.
Also, individual learning reduces children’s preparedness for adult life and emerging obstacles. For example, passing exams in both cases is carried out under the supervision of the commission and with the rest of the class, and such a load can be a great stress for the student. Yes, and higher education does not provide the student with such alternative forms of education, so you need to prepare the child in advance for interaction with classmates.